Albert Gerber

Prof. Albert Gerber


Albert Gerber's Inventions

The Condylator®-articulator and matching Dynamic Facebow® with Recording Instruments® is based on the lifetime work of the late Professor Albert Gerber, University of Zurich, Switzerland. Originally introduced in 1948, over the years it has undergone detailed refinement but still remains true to Gerber’s internationally proven principles of prosthodontic and joint-protective dentistry, the treatment of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and dental implantology.

The Condylator® has become a classic design with many advocates around the world and also copied many times.


Denture stability during mastication

Presentation at the SSO-Congress in Lugano.
Results of his studies about teeth contact during mastication.


Guidelines to develop new molars

Propositions for a new generation of physiologically shaped molars for functional mastication.


Translative movement (ISS)

Describes the transversal movement today known as “Immediate Side Shift”



Builds his first articulator with ISS together with transversal inclination according to Ackermann and Fischer.


Retrusive movement

Adds the retrusive movement in his second series of Translator-articulators.


Condylator and Condyloform

Announces his articulator under the name Condylator and his teeth under the name Condyloform (International Trademark Register).


Condylator with double-cones

Gerber Condylator-Simplex with double-cones functioning in a defined aperture to obtain a physiologic envelope of movement. Controlled capacity of movement including centric and retrusive position. Patent.


Gerber-Cylinder and Gerber-Puffer –

First precision attachments as rigid anchor for overdentures. Patent.



Condyloform posterior teeth for the lingualised occlusion known as the Gerber Method. Patent.


Condylator-Individual-Model 4

First series with adjustable angle for the condyle path additional to the mechanically simulated three dimensional guidance of TMJ movements in his Simplex Condylator. Individual settings are possible according to the extraoral registration with the Gerber Dynamic Facebow.


From Mortar-Pistil principle to Condylar-Theory

Confirmation of his research of the coordinated movements between concaved fossa and convexed condyle (1) and convexed cusp of the upper posterior teeth working in the concaved fossa of the lower posterior teeth (2, 3).


Harmonia Dentium – Oro-Facial Harmony

Positioning of the anterior teeth according to facial asymmetries. Conformation of Gysi’s research defining the anteriors’ size to the Principles of Embriogenetics.


Logic and mystic of TMJ

Despite all technological achievements many TMJ problems remained unresolved.



Last precision attachment developed for free-ended partial dentures.


Condyle position

Definition of occlusally determinated ortho- and malpositions of the condyle in temporomandibular disorders.


Warning against the “most retruded position”

Albert Gerber gave a clear warning against the “most retruded position” being the physiological starting position for all fixed and removable prosthodontic work.



A simple way for the evaluation of the remaining joint space.



Vario-devise on the Gerber Condylator to be used for the enlargement of pathologically reduced joint space - as part of therapy in temporomandibular disorders. Patent.


Gerber’s-Centric – contra Terminal Hinge RCP/MRP (Retruded Contact Position / Most Retruded Position)

A lobby supported by American articulator manufacturers calling themselves “State of the Art Lobby” after decades of hard fighting accept the value of his Condylator’s retrusive movement, however only tolerated Gerber’s-Centric as an acceptable reference.


How we really chew – Food loading position

The working condyle is located in retral-upper-sideway“ position and the balancing condyle in “anterior-lower-inside” position before the chewing act starts. Film of G. Preti, Torino, first shown at the Gerber Suvretta Course in St. Moritz.


Chewing Dynamics

Functions having to work – A. Gerber: Funktionnen, die funktionieren müssen. Quintessence Video (Błniger, Ammann) based of a selection of patients-case films (Gerber, Bissegger).


“Don’t tell us why it won’t work, tell us how to make it happen”

With these words Nils Guichet, inventor of the Denar articulator closed his last speech as President of the AES in Chicago and by this gave the “laurel of victory” to Gerber’s physiological concept.


Functional Condyloform® posterior teeth were developed by Prof. Dr. Albert Gerber in the late 50-ties of the last century. The idea was to increase stability in denture restorations by placing the palatal cusps of the upper teeth into the deepest part of the fossae on the lower teeth.

Basic principle of occlusion

The form of the Condyloform® teeth establishes a mortar and pestle effect during mastication which allows smooth gliding tooth contact in any direction from centric occlusion and back.

Stunning Graphics

Set-up of Condyloform® diatorics

Normal occlusion: the set-up of the teeth builds a clear relationship between the palatal cusps of the upper teeth and the occlusal cavities of the lower teeth. The perpendicular dotted lines show how the teeth are related to te crest of the alveolar ridge.

Cross bite occlusion: the teeth are arranged so that the buccal palatal cusps of the upper teeth engage the occlusal cavities of the lower teeth.
The best result is guaranteed using a Gerber Condylator® together with matching Gerber Condyloform® teeth.